What’s New with the Tax-Free Allowance for 2024?

What’s New with the Tax-Free Allowance for 2024?

Understanding taxes can be overwhelming, especially for individuals and small businesses. One important concept to grasp is the tax-free allowance. In 2024, the UK government has set specific rules about how much income you can earn before you need to pay tax. Here’s a simple guide to navigating the tax free allowance in the UK for 2024.

What is Tax-Free Allowance?

In the United Kingdom, the tax-free allowance, commonly known as the Personal Allowance, is the amount of income that can be earned each year without paying income tax. For the tax year 2024/25, the standard Personal Allowance is set at £12,570. This means that individuals can earn up to £12,570 without paying any income tax. Any income above this threshold will be subject to tax at the applicable rates.

Income Tax Bands for 2024

In addition to the Personal Allowance, it’s important to understand the income tax bands and rates for 2024:

  • Personal Allowance: The first £12,570 of your income is tax-free. This means you do not pay any tax on income up to this amount.
  • Basic Rate: This is the tax rate applied to income that falls between £12,571 and £50,270. For example, if your total income is £30,000, the first £12,570 is tax-free due to the Personal Allowance. The remaining £17,430 falls within the Basic Rate band, resulting in a tax of £3,486 (20% of £17,430).
  • Higher Rate: Income between £50,271 and £125,140 is taxed at 40%.
  • Additional Rate: Income over £125,140 is taxed at 45%.

These bands help determine how much tax you need to pay based on your income level. The rates increase progressively, so the more you earn, the higher the rate of tax you will pay on the income that falls into each respective band.

Marriage Allowance

The Marriage Allowance allows one spouse or civil partner to transfer a portion of their unused Personal Allowance to their partner. For 2024, you can transfer £1,260 of your Personal Allowance, reducing your partner’s tax bill by up to £252. To be eligible, the transferring partner must have an income below the Personal Allowance, and the receiving partner must be a basic rate taxpayer.

Other Tax-Free Allowances

In addition to the Personal Allowance, there are other allowances and reliefs that can help reduce your tax liability:

  • Savings Allowance: Basic rate taxpayers can earn up to £1,000 in savings interest tax-free, while higher rate taxpayers can earn up to £500.
  • Dividend Allowance: The dividend allowance for the 2024/25 tax year is being reduced by half again to £500. Dividends received above this allowance are taxed at basic rate: 8.75% higher rate: 33.75% and an Additional rate: 39.35%
  • Rent-a-Room Scheme: The rent a room scheme allows you to earn up to £7,500 tax free each tax year by renting out one or more rooms in your own home. If the income is shared between two or more people, each can earn up to £3,750 tax free each year.
  • Trading Allowance: You can earn up to £1,000 from self-employment without paying tax.

How to Maximize Your Tax-Free Allowances

To make the most of your tax-free income, consider the following tips:

  • Keep Detailed Records: Maintain accurate records of your income and expenses to ensure you’re claiming all the allowances you’re entitled to.
  • Plan Your Income: If possible, plan your income to stay within certain tax bands and allowances.
  • Utilize Allowances: Make sure to use allowances such as the Marriage Allowance, savings allowance, and others to minimize your tax liability.
  • Seek Professional Advice: Consulting with an accountant or tax advisor can help you navigate the complexities of the tax system and ensure you’re taking full advantage of all available allowances.


Understanding the tax-free income or allowance in 2024 is critical for efficient tax planning and reducing your tax liability. The Personal Allowance of £12,570, together with other allowances and reliefs, offers a significant opportunity for reducing the amount of tax you owe. By staying informed and utilizing these benefits correctly, you can improve your financial management as well as save a significant amount on your tax payment. If you’re not sure how to use these allowances, consult with a tax professional to make sure that you’re getting maximum benefit out of them.



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